The Key Players of the Global Smart Buildings Market are Control4 Corporation, United Technologies Corporation, HCL Technologies Limited, Panasonic Corporation, Advantech Co. Ltd, Johnson Controls International PLC, Hitachi Ltd, Sony Corporation, IBM Corporation, Cisco Systems, Honeywell International, Emerson Electric Co., GEZE GmbH, Overkiz, ABB Group, Siemens AG, Schneider Electric SE, Legrand SA, Huawei Technologies
Pune, India, Feb. 25, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Market AnalysisMarket Research Future (MRFR) expects the global Smart Building Market to reach USD 25,725.0 million at a 17.44% CAGR from 2018 to 2025 (forecast period).
A smart building uses sensors, microchips, and actuators to control and regulate air conditioning, ventilation, lighting, heating, and other systems. It leverages integrated and advanced building technologies, including advanced telecommunications systems, building automation, facility management, and fire safety equipment, to enhance comfort, safety, and occupant productivity. Building systems can be operated automatically according to environmental conditions, preset & variable schedules, and emergencies. Energy efficiency remains at the forefront of trends in IoT smart building.
IoT has a major impact on the Commercial Real Estate (CRE) industry due to a growth in the efficiency of building operations, better tenant relationships, and new revenue generation opportunities. IoT-enabled BMS is installed and used to increase the efficiency of a building and use sensor-generated data to improve building user experience. It can also utilize a single infrastructure to run all building management solutions and require minimal manual intervention. In addition, IoT-enabled BMS can be used for different purposes, such as minimizing energy usage, repairing and maintaining building systems, and reducing the administrative costs of the building. For example, property owners use data obtained from various sensors, such as indoor air quality and space utilization at the building level, to control air-conditioning and lighting systems in real-time, thereby minimizing energy costs and optimizing the indoor environment for its intended purpose. IoT technology offers owners the ability to have direct conversations and relationships with building users and their tenants. Sensors in shopping centers, for example, can help owners connect directly to different customers and provide their services, establishing relationships with customers and strengthening tenant engagement. IoT-enabled BMS is therefore driving the smart buildings market.
COVID-19 Impact on the Global Smart Building Market The outbreak of COVID-19 adversely impacted the North American economy. However, the region has begun to relax restrictions and lift lockdown measures to revive the economy. Since North America is a technologically advanced region, facility managers can optimize their jobs and create a better atmosphere for facility occupants. There has been an upsurge in demand for smart buildings to integrate new office environments as employees are working from home.
Some of Europe’s leading sectors, such as automotive, chemical, electronics, and manufacturing, were seriously affected by the disruption of the supply chain during the COVID-19 lockdown. Now that European countries have begun easing restrictions on commercial premises and sectors, there is an increasing demand for smart building solutions and services. With the aid of technologies like AI, blockchain, robots, and drones, smart building vendors are trying to bring industries and businesses back to normal.
APAC’s smart building market is expected to grow during COVID-19 due to the growing trend of hospitals outsourcing non-core medical services to specialist smart building organizations. IoT and other new technologies are boosting the current smart building market in healthcare. Moreover, as companies are preparing for re-opening, there is an intense focus on new services and activities in the region to enable employees’ return to their workplace.
Iran and Israel were among the most affected by COVID-19 in the MEA. Governments in the region have quickly taken decisive steps to slow down the effects of the pandemic. Almost all industries and companies in the region are re-opening due to the relaxation of restrictions in the region. There will also be an increased demand for smart building vendors to restructure the workplace, set up smart workflows, and manage facilities in a constructive manner.
COVID-19 has impacted the health and energy industries in Latin America. However, these industries are trying to incorporate emerging technologies such as AI and IoT to address the associated challenges of COVID-19. As countries in the region are re-opening their manufacturing operations, the demand for smart building solutions and services could grow. Technology-driven efficiency could increase commercial outcomes in the region, resulting in holistic and empowered smart building operations. In addition, current assets in the area need to be upgraded in a cost-effective manner, and IoT, AI, and ML-enabled smart buildings are ideally suited.
Based on automation, the global smart building market has been segmented into intelligent security system (access control system, video surveillance system, emergency management system), infrastructure management system (elevators and escalators management system, smart water management system, parking management system), building energy management system (energy management system, HVAC control system, lighting control system), and network management system.
By application, the global smart building market has been segmented into commercial, industrial, government & public infrastructure, and residential.
Regional AnalysisThe global smart building industry, by region, has been segmented into the Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, the Middle East & Africa, and Central & South America.
North America to dominate the global marketThe North America is expected to lead the smart buildings market. North America is one of the most technologically advanced regions in the world. The market growth in North America can be attributed to the introduction of the latest smart building solutions that leverage emerging technologies such as IoT, big data, cloud computing, data analytics, deep learning and artificial intelligence, energy efficiency, reducing operating expenses, rising occupancy comfort, and meeting increasingly stringent global regulations and sustainability. In addition, the US and Canada are influential countries that contribute to technological advancement in this region; for example, US organizations are investing extensively in smart building measures, such as building controls and building systems integration, to maximize energy efficiency and energy storage, and to deliver smarter, safer, and more efficient buildings while the Canadian government is taking steps to support Canada’s dedication to protecting the environment and its resources by making federal buildings more energy-efficient and lessening greenhouse gas emissions, driving the growth of smart buildings.
These players have implemented various growth strategies, like partnerships, business expansions, agreements, collaborations, and new product launches and product improvements to further extend their reach in the smart buildings market and broaden their customer base.
Industry NewsIn March 2019, Advantech Co., Ltd launched the Verizon-certified LTE Cat-M1 router, ICR-3211B. The ICR-3211B router is the first product to be released in the US from Advantech’s new ICR-3200 router line. The two routers are the perfect alternative for building automation, energy management, and remote SCADA applications.In February 2019, Control4 Corporation acquired Swiss-based NEEO, a manufacturer of the smart home remote, to boost its leadership in delivering remotes, touch panels, keypads, and other smart home devices.
Browse Related ReportsSmart Parking Market Information Report by Parking Site (On-Street and Off-Street), Technology (SmartApp, In-Ground Vehicle Detection Sensor, RFID, Ultrasonic, and Others), and region.
Smart Materials Market: By Product (Piezoelectric Materials, Shape Memory Materials, Electro strictive Materials, Magneto strictive Materials), by Application (Actuators & Motors, Transducers, Sensors, Structural Materials) – Global Forecast till 2023
Global Smart City Market, By Application (Utility (Smart Meters, Smart lighting, Smart Waste Management), Transport (Smart Parking, Smart Ticket, Smart Transportation), Residential (Smart Building), Healthcare, Education, Government) – Forecast 2022
Smart Transportation Market by Solution (Traffic Management, Smart Ticketing, Parking Management, Integrated Supervision, Passenger Information, Insurance Telematics Solution), by Service (Consulting Service, Deployment and Integration, Support and Maintenance) – Forecast to 2022
Global Smart Elevator Market Research Report, by Type (Passenger, Freight and Fire-proof), by Component (Maintenance, Control, and Communication), by Service (Installation, Modernization and Maintenance), by Speed and by Application – Forecast till 2023
Smart Doorbell Market Research Report: By Type (Wired doorbell and Wireless doorbell), Component (Hardware and Software), End-User (Residential and Commercial), Sales Channel (Store-Based and Non-Store Based) and Region (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of the World) – Global Forecast till 2025
About Market Research Future:At Market Research Future (MRFR), we enable our customers to unravel the complexity of various industries through our Cooked Research Report (CRR), Half-Cooked Research Reports (HCRR), Raw Research Reports (3R), Continuous-Feed Research (CFR), and Market Research & Consulting Services.
U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen on Thursday threw her support behind a new allocation of the IMF’s own currency, or Special Drawing Rights, but said broad parameters were needed to boost transparency on how the reserves are used and traded. Reversing the opposition of the Trump administration, Yellen told G20 finance officials in a letter that a new SDR allocation could boost liquidity for poor countries, which have been particularly hard hit by the global coronavirus pandemic. The U.S. Treasury chief gave no specific size for possible allocation of SDRs, which can be converted to hard currency by IMF members.
Libya’s newly-elected prime minister failed to name members of a much-anticipated Cabinet ahead of an expected deadline Thursday, raising questions over whether his transitional government can unite Libya’s factions. Prime Minister designate Abdul Hamid Mohammed Dbeibah was set to announce his Cabinet in a news conference from the capital, Tripoli, and send it to Libya’s House of Representatives for approval. Instead, Dbeibah told reporters he only shared with Libyan lawmakers proposed guidelines for the selection of Cabinet members and an outline of his priorities in the coming period.
Argentina has received 904,000 doses of the Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine in its first delivery from the Chinese drug maker, the government said on Thursday, which should help the country accelerate its fledgling inoculation program. « Everyone is going to get their vaccine and Argentina will be able to move forward, » the country’s Foreign Minister Felipe Sola tweeted alongside a picture of the plane unloading. The Sinopharm vaccines will add to 1.22 million doses of Russia’s Sputnik V Argentina has already received, as well as 580,000 doses of Covishield, manufactured by the Indian Serum Institute in conjunction with AstraZeneca and Oxford University.
A Dubai court reduced the sentence of an Omani driver who crashed a bus carrying tourists in 2019, killing 17 people on board, state-linked media reported Thursday. The appeals court reduced the driver’s seven-year sentence followed by deportation down to just one year without deportation, the United Arab Emirates’ state-linked newspaper The National reported. The driver will still have to pay a $13,612 fine and some $925,660 to the families of the victims.
What do Tesla, Square, bitcoin, and Shopify have in common? Wood’s “disruptive innovation” fund has posted a 140% gain over the past year, blowing away the 21% gain of the broader US stock market. ARK’s most surprising forecast is of its own backlash: “I think it’s likely that at some point, people will think that ARK was a scam, and that we don’t know our left from our right,” research director Brett Winton told Bloomberg this month.
(Bloomberg) — In the face of surging copper prices, Carrier Global Corp. has a plan to contain costs: It’s hedging raw materials costs and then charging customers more for its heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems.The Florida-based company’s strategy symbolizes the conundrum facing manufacturers as prices for commodities spike. With a path out of the pandemic in sight, corporate executives, economists and investors betting on a strong recovery face an acid test as producers try to shift the higher costs to consumers.As copper prices reach a nine-year high above $9,000, moves like Carrier’s offer an early sign of success. Even after boosting prices earlier this year, the company still forecasts sales growth of between 6% and 8%. China’s Gree Electric Appliances Inc. — the world’s top residential air-conditioning manufacturer — also is boosting inventories in a roaring market for appliances and consumer electronics.“They are stocking up, and they’re using it to make consumer products that the whole world has been demanding hand over fist on the back of the pandemic,” Michael Cuoco, head of hedge-fund sales for metals and bulk materials at StoneX Group, said by phone.But with money managers piling into commodities more broadly in the expectation that the rising costs of goods will eat into fixed-income returns, some observers see an inflationary feedback loop developing that could hit the real-world recovery much harder.Brent crude started the year with its fastest rally on record, creating price pressures that could put a much more immediate strain on consumers. U.S. lumber futures also shot to a record, prompting fears of inflation in the housing market.As investors react to fast-moving inflation dynamics across financial markets, copper is getting caught in the crosswinds. Prices reached a fresh nine-year high Thursday as Federal Reserve officials offered reassurance they don’t view the rising costs of goods as a threat to growth.But on Friday, copper suffered the biggest one-day drop in more than four months, with a selloff in global equity and bond markets signaling that investors believe the effects may be less benign and a policy response may come sooner.It’s all setting up a dangerous game of chicken between investors and central bankers led by the Fed. U.S. officials are adamant about pumping more stimulus to support a recovery, with a $1.9 trillion package up for congressional debate and a willingness even to run the economy a little hot to maximize employment.“The rise in oil, agriculture commodity prices and others are all sending a signal that the market is getting more optimistic about the global recovery this year,” Khoon Goh, Singapore-based head of Asia research for Australia & New Zealand Banking Group, said in an email. “Given that inflation is starting from a very low point, there is space to absorb the commodity-related price increase.”Markets, meanwhile, are seeing a faster recovery and a greater risk of overheating, and they’re on guard for any sign that Fed chief Jerome Powell loses his patience with soaring inflation expectations and brings forward now-distant plans to make monetary policy less accommodative.Manufacturers used to being caught between markets and policy makers, including with the U.S.-China tariff wars, already are making adjustments.Carrier raised prices while also hedging more than 75% of its copper, aluminum and steel inputs after 2021, Senior Vice President Patrick Goris said during a Feb. 23 sustainability conference.Home-improvement retailer Home Depot Inc. counts on being able to absorb the latest run-up in raw materials costs, President and Chief Operating Officer Ted Decker said on a Feb. 23 earnings call.“We don’t have a lot of anxiety around managing the commodity flows,” Decker said. “We run this as a portfolio. We work closely with our supplier partners to be the advocate for value for the customer.”Euro region manufacturers in February witnessed the sharpest monthly rise in input prices in nearly 10 years, according to IHS Markit. But after a yearslong spell of stagnant inflation and growth in the region, order books are filling fast and inventories of finished goods are tumbling.The prospects for metals manufacturers look particularly bright as the European Union prepares to unleash a $1 trillion-plus stimulus program targeting copper-intensive renewable-energy systems and electric-vehicle infrastructure.Nexans SA, one of the world’s leading electric cable-makers, announced a restructuring that will involve divesting units servicing mainstay customers in the industrial sector to focus purely on growth in the global electrification drive.Anticipating that surging demand will leave copper in tight supply, the French company also is bulking up its processing of recycled copper materials.Even if copper prices run further during the demand boom, bullish investors say manufacturers will be well-positioned to pass on costs, given the metal’s array of uses in everything from cars, washing machines, wind turbines and grid infrastructure.Additionally, it’s often used in small quantities in smartphones, fridges and TVs, making it a relatively minor component in the final cost paid by consumers.“You probably don’t have a headwind to growth with this type of inflation — in the short term,” James Tatum, portfolio manager at New York-based Valent Asset Management, said by phone.Rising prices for fuels and food could prove much more pernicious, given their significant weight in household spending. Energy and agricultural commodities are jumping, but central bankers aren’t worrying yet with nominal inflation rates still at low levels.Still, with money managers pulling cash out of bond markets and parking it in commodities as a hedge, they may end up contributing to making more-aggressive inflation a reality.“It becomes a problem when reflation turns into inflation, and people simply stop doing stuff because it costs too much,” Colin Hamilton, managing director for commodities research at BMO Capital Markets Ltd., said from London. “I would argue that we’re getting toward that point.”For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.
From a customer-obsessed culture to otherworldly ambitions, here’s how experts say Jeff Bezos will be remembered.
Coinbase has decided to go for the faster direct listing approach as opposed to an IPO.
The U.S. securities regulator on Friday suspended trading in the securities of 15 companies because of « questionable trading and social media activity, » the latest in a string of temporary trading halts amid volatile trading in so-called « meme stocks. » The Securities and Exchange Commission acted because none of the companies have filed any information with the regulator for over a year, it said in a statement. This is the regulator’s third and largest wave of suspensions in response to social media activity.
While there is still plenty of potential new oil supply on the market, particularly from OPEC , analysts remain very bullish and banks are beginning to talk about $100 oil
Retail power marketers in Texas are appealing multi-million dollar bills from last week’s blackout that they say could cripple them and unravel Texas’ nearly two-decade-old experiment as the most deregulated U.S. electricity market. Wholesale prices, which last year averaged $26 a megawatt hour, soared to $9,000 per MWh for days as grid operators tried to quench a severe shortage that left up to 4.3 million residents shivering in the dark last week. « The state will likely experience the largest number of failures of retailers ever seen, » said Patrick Woodson, chief executive of Green Energy Exchange.
Gold initially tried to rally during the week but then turned around to show weakness again. Yields in America continue to rise, and that is like kryptonite.
Gold markets have broken down below the $1750 level during the trading session on Friday as yields continue to kill the idea of holding gold as of late.
Greece’s Yannis Stournaras became the first European Central Bank policymaker on Friday to openly call for increasing the pace of ECB bond purchases to stem a rise in borrowing costs. With euro zone bond yields set for their biggest monthly rise in three years, the ECB is under some pressure to make good on its promise to keep borrowing costs easy for the coronavirus-stricken bloc through its Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme (PEPP). « In my view, there is an unwarranted tightening of bond yields, so it would perhaps be desirable for the ECB to accelerate the pace of PEPP purchases to ensure favourable financing conditions during the pandemic, » Stournaras told Reuters in an interview.
Bots on major social media platforms have been hyping up GameStop Corp and other « meme » stocks, according to an analysis by Massachusetts-based cyber security company PiiQ Media, suggesting organized economic or foreign actors may have played a role in the Reddit-driven trading frenzy. Shares of GameStop soared last month after Reddit users banded together to squeeze hedge funds that had bet against the video game retailer and other companies. Reddit Chief Executive Steve Huffman told Congress this month that bots, artificial or fake accounts with automated content, had not played a « significant role » in GameStop Reddit message traffic.
(Bloomberg) — British Airways parent IAG SA said there are grounds for optimism about air travel this summer, after posting its first annual loss in almost a decade.The airline group reported an operating loss of 7.43 billion euros ($9 billion) in 2020, according to a statement Friday. While Chief Executive Officer Luis Gallego expressed growing confidence that a recovery will take shape, IAG said it can’t provide an outlook for the current year as the coronavirus pandemic continues to batter air travel.Carriers specializing in long-haul routes have suffered the worst of the downturn, with the International Air Transport Association predicting some inter-continental markets could take years to revive. Airlines such as London-based IAG are counting on so-called Covid passports to help spur a quicker rebound as vaccine rollouts accelerate in countries including the U.K.“We have seen a big increase in flight and holiday bookings for the summer following the U.K. government announcement,” Gallego said on a media call. “Vaccination development, international common standards and digital health passes will be key.”Shares of IAG traded 3.1% higher as of 3:16 p.m. in London, taking gains this year to 20% after they lost almost two-thirds of their value in 2020.IAG’s operating loss included exceptional charges of 3 billion euros against plane retirements, restructuring and fuel-hedging measures.The company has had to cut jobs, borrow money and sell stock to stay afloat, with BA particularly hard because of its reliance on a trans-Atlantic market that’s still virtually closed.Comeback PlanThe carrier group had 10.3 billion euros in liquidity at the start of 2021, it said in a presentation. IAG won’t need any additional funding and will be focused on how to capture demand as it returns, Chief Financial Officer Steve Gunning said.“If there is a strong summer, and there is increasing confidence of that, it’s a case of how quickly you can ramp up capacity and introduce additional seats,” Gunning said on the call.While countries work on plans to restore flights, short-haul specialists such as EasyJet Plc are expecting a quicker rebound as the U.K.’s inoculation program helps lift leisure bookings.“A question mark still hangs over when it will be practical for British nationals to take foreign holidays again,” said Jack Winchester, an analyst at Third Bridge Ltd. “This is holding back a dam of pent up demand, and IAG will be desperate to see that unleashed.”Norwegian AirNorwegian Air Shuttle ASA separately reported a full-year loss of 23 billion kroner ($2.7 billion). The carrier said it had recognized impairment losses of 12.8 billion kroner on the terminated aircraft purchase contracts, which drove up the loss. The Scandinavian carrier is restructuring under an examinership process in an Irish court and will offer a detailed plan next week. Bankrupt Norwegian Air Near Deal to End Airbus Jet DeliveriesNorwegian Air has said it plans to raise new funding in late March or early April, and focus on regional flights with smaller aircraft. The carrier has turned away from the low-cost, long-haul business that put price pressure on major carriers like British Airways, which counds on North America for about 30% of its capacity.IAG attempted to purchase Norwegian Air in 2018 but dropped the plan after its bids were rejected and losses mounted at the smaller company.(Updates with details of Norwegian impairment on jet purchase cancellation in 12th paragraph.)For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.
Gold is 0.6% lower this morning, as it is trading closer to $1,750 price level. What about the other precious metals?
The Indian rupee and bonds weakened on Friday as global markets were rocked overnight by a surge in U.S. treasury yields to their highest levels since the pandemic began. The Indian currency fell 1.1% on the week, having risen for the previous six weeks on the back of India’s improved economic outlook and broad dollar weakness. Rahul Gupta, head of research-currency at Emkay Global Financial Services said the overall picture can be dire for the rupee while projecting the dollar/rupee pair to trade above 73.25 levels in the near-term, with the rupee likely to run into resistance if it strengthened to the 72.50 level.
(Bloomberg) — The world’s largest Bitcoin fund is selling off faster than the cryptocurrency itself as investors rush to the exits.The $31.6 billion Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (ticker GBTC) plunged 22% this week, outpacing a 17% decline in the world’s largest cryptocurrency. That’s evaporated GBTC’s once-massive premium to the Bitcoin it holds, with the price of GBTC closing 3.8% below the value of its underlying holdings on Thursday — a record discount, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.It’s an unusual situation for GBTC, which has persistently traded at a premium to its net asset value since the fund’s launch in 2013. That figure soared to 40% in late 2020, with investors willing to pay a markup for exposure to Bitcoin‘s dizzying rally. That avalanche of inflows swelled the number of GBTC shares outstanding to a record 692 million. However, GBTC doesn’t allow redemptions — meaning that shares can only be created, but not destroyed. With Bitcoin’s climb now stalling, that’s created a supply and demand imbalance as participants in the trust seek to find buyers in the secondary market.“It’s more indicative of the fact that there are so many shares are available, and it indicates demand for Bitcoin at these prices is falling off,” said Bloomberg Intelligence analyst James Seyffart.Bitcoin surged to a record of over $58,000 last weekend, but has stumbled since. The cryptocurrency slipped another 0.2% on Friday, on track for its worst weekly pullback in a year. The wider Bloomberg Galaxy Crypto Index, tracking Bitcoin, Ether and three other cryptocurrencies, is down 19.7% this week.Bitcoin’s lurch lower is part of a broader risk asset stumble, as spiking Treasury yields rattle the market’s more speculative fringes. High-flying tech stocks have been hammered as investors reassess lofty valuations, with the Nasdaq 100 on track for its worst week since March.Among those hit the hardest is Cathie Wood’s lineup of Ark Investment Management ETFs. The flagship ARK Innovation ETF is on track for a fifth consecutive day of declines, and is poised to erase its year-to-date gains after a nearly 150% surge in 2020. Ark Investment is the fourth-largest holder in GBTC.Michael Sonnenshein, chief executive officer of Grayscale Investments, acknowledged the risk of GBTC’s premium disappearing while speaking in a panel for the Bloomberg Crypto Summit on Thursday.“It’s certainly a risk, no question about it, but ultimately price discovery in GBTC every day is driven entirely by market forces,” Sonnenshein said.A host of new entrants could also be challenging GBTC’s command of the competitive landscape. The Bitwise 10 Crypto Index Fund, the Osprey Bitcoin Trust and the SkyBridge Bitcoin Fund LP have all launched within the past three months. Meanwhile, two Bitcoin ETFs — a structure yet to be approved by U.S. regulators — began trading this month in Canada.“Since the beginning of the year, we’ve seen the launch of multiple competing products,” said Nate Geraci, president of the ETF Store, an advisory firm. “The unpleasant truth for GBTC investors is that competition erodes demand for the product, which can lead to a collapsing premium or even a discount.”(Updates prices throughout.)For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.comSubscribe now to stay ahead with the most trusted business news source.©2021 Bloomberg L.P.
– Smart Hospital Market Revenue USD 77299.6 Million at a 21.5% CAGR by 2025
– Smart Hospital Market Revenue USD 77299.6 Million at a 21.5% CAGR by 2025 | North America Region Expected to …
– Smart Building Market Was Valued at USD 8540.3 Million In 2018 and will Reach USD 25725 Million By 2025 | North …
– Smart Stethoscopes Market Report | Size, Growth, Demand, Scope, Opportunities and Forecast 2020-2027
– Global Smart Composites Market 2021 with Top Countries Data Industry Insights by Share, Emerging Trends, Regional …
– Global Smart Material Market 2021 with Top Countries Data: Industry Insights by Players, Regional Segmentation …
– Smart Hospitals Market Expected to Grow at a CAGR of 13.0% by 2025 | Medtronic, Cerner Corporation, Siemens AG …
– Global Smart Pen Market Dynamics, Production, Supply and Demand Forecast covered in the Latest Research …